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(In preparation)

Appearing during the Baroque period, the obbligato is an instrumental solo that accompanies the singing part and enrich the continuo in many arias.The clarinet obbligato appears first in the operas by Pasquale Anfossi and Jean Chrétien Bach but also in religious works in the second half of the eighteenth century. It is especially the Italians who will use the clarinet. 


The chamber music obligato becomes very popular in the Romantic era. The most common combinatoin will be the trio with soprano and piano, but a certain number of works call for two mezzos or even a male voice. Germany will be the main country where these works will be written. 


The great romantic virtuosos like Baermann, Cavallini, Crusel, Hermstedt, Klosé and Lazarus will inspire composers and popularize the genre throughout Europe. Before the twentieth century, nearly a hundred composers will have written obbligatos for clarinet. A much larger and diverse repertoire than what is commonly believed, and largely to be rediscovered.


Why is the chamber music ensemble featuring clarinet obligatos  developped in the Romantic era? Is it different from the opera obbligato? What circumstances lead composers to use this concertante form? What is the value of these works often ignored today?

In concert

Two themes, the concertante obbligato with soprano and piano, and the obbligatoas an opera excerpt, performed with orchestra or piano reduction

Works with orchestra or chamber ensemble by...

Luigi Cherubini (1760-1842)

Peter Cornelius 1824-1874)

Gottfried Hermann (1808-1878)

James Hook (1746-1827)

Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda (1801-1866)

Friedrich Wenzel Kücken (1810-1882)

Franz Lachner (1803-1890)

Sir Georges Macfarren (1813-1887)

Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791-1864)

Mariano Obiols (1809-1888)

Auguste Panseron (1795-1869)

Franz Schubert (1797-1828)

Johann Sobek (1831-1914)

Andreas Spaeth (1790-1876)

Louis Spohr (1784-1859)

Richard Walthew (1872-1951, in 1898)

Carl Maria von Weber (1786-1826)


Original works with voice and piano by...

Pasquale Anfossi (1727-1797)

Thomas Arne (1710-1778)

Jean Chrétien Bach (1735-1782)

Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835)

Bernhard Crusell (1775-1838)

Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848)

Pierre Gaveaux (1761-1825)

Pietro Guglielmi (1728-1804)

Conradin Kreutzer (1780-1849)

Giovanni Simone Mayr (1763-1845)

Jules Massenet (1842-1912)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

Otto Nicolai (1810-1849)
Giovanni Pacini (1796-1867)

Fernandino Paer (1771-1839)

Giovanni Paesiello (1740-1816)

Marcos Portugal (1762-1830)

Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)

Nicolaï Rimski-Korsakov (1844-1908)

Gioacchino Rossini (1792-1868)

Giuseppe Sarti (1729-1802)

Louis Spohr (1784-1859)

Franz Süssmayr (1766-1803)

Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)

Carl Maria von Weber (1786-1826)

Peter von Winter (1754-1825)


and about forty other composers for which I have not yet located the music, to be followed,,, 

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